The uniqueness and originality of Armenia rests on three key pillars- the ancient Christian heritage (one of the mighty sources that created new trends in fine arts, architecture, and music), the unique charms of its mountainous nature and its originality in the national culture. These are the primary treasures that personified and united the art and culture of Armenia, and those that it managed to preserve despite the nation's dramatic history.
Armenia, which is located between the West and the
East, was ta place of collisions between the Middle Ages and the great empires
of. Iran, Rome, Arabs, Byzantium, Seljuks, Mongols all crossed Armenia and
consequently destroying and interrupting its cultural development only to leave
behind cultural ruins. Having successfully managed to resist all powerful
newcomers, Armenians saved fidelity to their culture and art although it
somehow underwent some transformations. Following these revelations, art and
culture in Armenia culture acquired several features characteristics to both
western and eastern civilizations.
Armenian spiritual and material culture are as a
result of most ancient inhabitants of uplands, ethnic elements that took part
in the formation of people of Armenia. The greatest role, naturally, was played
by the exceptional Urartu culture. The culture of Armenia, until 301, developed
under the influences of the Hellenism (western) and Parthia (eastern). However,
such influences only enriched and supplemented the national culture. As
aforementioned, one of the mighty sources of culture in the world that created
new trends in music, architecture and fine art is Christianity.
One of the greatest milestones, as far as the
development of art and culture of Armenia is concerned, was the creation of
Armenian alphabets by Mesrop Mashtots in the year 405. The line of the
country's architecture is defined by the its mountainous landscape. Momentarily
and permanently, like the surrounding mountains, stands medieval architecture's
monuments. Traditionally, weaving,
pottery, carpet weaving, jewelry making, and lacemaking were the fundamental
These national crafts, as they developed, were turned
into nation art and craft, the most accessible and widespread to the general
public. Carpets, pottery, embroidery, and silver ornaments reflected the
national perception of the world. One of the most applied Armenian art of the
ancient art of silver and gold processing. Art of carving, molding on silver
and gold, stone incrustation, stampings, framing, and polishing is expressed in
life and cult of Armenians. Perhaps, carpet are the most treasured household
belongings for Armenians.
They were used for chests, tables, beds and seats, and often used as curtains in altars and doorways in temples. One of the ancient to mastered by Armenian was the art of carpet weaving. Armenian dance is considered one of the richest, most varied, and oldest dance heritages in the near east. From the 5th to the 3rd millennia B.C, in the uplands of Armenia, there are rock paintings depicting scenes of a dancing nation. Such dances are were accompanied by some kinds of musical instruments and songs. From this, it is apparent that the art and culture of Armenia is an amalgamation of the best, past achievements with higher hopes of the impeding future.
Heritage & Future