Have you ever wondered why people from different
places have varying customs, beliefs, definition of art and whatnot? Have you
realized that people from Russia are almost entirely different from that of
North America? I'm sure you have as in this context culture has a lot of
explaining to do. Let's take for example
art and culture in North America; The Pre-colonial North America can be simply
divided into culture areas wherein each of which is defined by their
distinctive features and lifestyle.
Notably, there are 10 culture areas that can be found
in North America; however, you must take note that this number could vary. The
people within a specific culture area may be collectively cited as a single or
one culture. However, it is natural that distinct sub-cultures are present and
can be found within each collective culture. Artistic production among this
culture, North America, in general, was especially strong particularly during
the medieval period. And up until today, wonderful and widely diverse collections
of different forms of arts can be found from the continent.
North American Paintings
Fascinating paintings of North Americans was said to be led by the Southwest region, in which two major forms of painting arts are developed -- the pottery decoration and the sand painting. Pottery decoration is often featured in black/white or black/white/red color schemes. Sand painting, on the other hand, is crafted using dry, fine particle materials such as charcoal, pollen, sand and minerals that come in various shades of colors.
The dominant design observed among the Southwest
paintings are typically in geometric orientation, which means that figures, if
ever present, are placed and designed in a geometrical fashion. Sculptures in
North America Art and culture in North America is practically diverse as they
have been affected and molded by different factors.
During the Pre-colonial era, sculptors in North America primarily worked using wood, clay and stone. The huge contributors of this North American face of art are the people of the Northwest Coast region, who worked primarily using woods. Their distinct art features include masks, canoe decoration, figures, and most especially, the ever-famous and incredible totem poles. These carvings are usually painted with brilliant colors, but they also use plain scheme such as black, white and red.
Of course, architecture in cultures is also varied. And in the case of North America, their architectural orientation surfaced through the designs of their homes and can be classified simply using their local materials. Infamous examples of the architectural art and culture in North America include the wigwam, which is basically a domed structure made of saplings and is secured in the ground as well as lashed together at the top, the teepee, also known as skin tent and, of course, the igloo, designed with large hall built in the same way as with the wigwam.
Moreover, in the urban regions of the pre-modern era in North America, large-scale architecture is very unlikely, while in the Southwest regions, huge complexes of clay brick buildings featured both through circular kivas and rectangular houses with dozens of rooms and three or four stories high were established by the Pueblo tribes.
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