Fine Arts

Why do humans make art? 

Video: Why do humans make art? - an exhibition at MONA
"On the Origin of Art at MONA: seeking the source of the creative impulse. In 1997, scientist Steven Pinker described music as "auditory cheesecake". His one-liner has been repeated many times since, with variations. It's a simple extrapolation to say that all art is "cheesecake for the mind", or as Pinker puts it: "a brew of megadoses of agreeable stimuli which we concocted for the express purpose of pressing our pleasure buttons". (The Sidney Morning Herald, 2017).

Art Engages the Senses
Did you know that art engages the human senses? Arts could have developed when the humans could feel good. It is very likely that humans used art to make things “Special.” Humans enjoy patterns, colors, order, novelty, body movement and play. Most people take part in the world of art simply because it makes them feel better.
Since the beginning of time, art has been a part of us humans. They use arts in sacred rituals, such as Native American Totems and Tibetan sand paintings. They also used art in non-sacred rituals.

Video: How Can the Arts Contribute to Community Development?

Artists make choices about texture, line, color, and composition so that they can evoke or express feelings. In the nineteen fifties a group of American artists that people called Abstract Expressionists believed that the best way to express pure emotion was to create completely abstract art in which the shapes, the textures, the lines, and the colors expressed their emotional state.

A work of art may never come to the attention of anyone other than the artist, yet, it remains art.  A person’s psychological constitution determines that what they feel when examining art is what the artist intended. What is a work of art? Art in its generic sense means “skill.”
For reasons of organization, when expanding awareness, it may be necessary to separate each variable in order to become aware of them one at a time. Thus, some viewers may want to separate their emotions from their reading of the work, although this could lead to a false sense of separation.

A common response in viewing art is the sense that a space in a work has meaning because it means something to the artist and the viewer, who takes time to look at it and respond to it.

Objective appreciation eludes us in art. Emotion cannot be separated from experiencing art because it cannot be separate from who we are; our response to art cannot be compartmentalized into categories of awareness.
It is not a failing on the part of the viewer or the artist to feel emotion about art.
A separation of emotion from the experience can be devastating at times.
So, "fineart is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied artplease; Read more

Is Digital Art - a Fine Art?

Digital art is a term and a practice that has been prevalent in the museums and contemporary art sectors since the 1960s. As technological advances mean that digital innovations are now pervading many more areas of our lives, the arts industry is starting to take the work of artists working in the digital realm increasingly seriously.
In the wake of the growing debate and critical examination of digital art, the British Council commissioned this short film, produced by Dezeen, to ask: What is Digital Art? And why should we pay attention to it?

Video: What is Digital Art?

Traditional vs. digital. I consider both traditional artwork and digital artwork valid forms of art and expression. There are definitely advantages and disadvantages to both, but overall, I love them!

Video: Traditional Art VS. Digital Art

Digital art has helped many to become more adept artists overall, but digital has it’s benefits and drawbacks. Being aware of these pushes and pulls of the relatively new medium that young kids adopt today may help common struggles and downfalls that have surfaced with the growing popularity of digital art.

Video: The Evolution of Digital Art | Alexander Vincent | TEDxCanmore

Subjects in Art
"The term 
subjects in art refers to the main idea that is represented in the artwork. The subject in art is basically the essence of the piece. To determine subject matter in a particular piece of art, ask yourself: What is actually depicted in this artwork? What is the artist trying to express to the world... what is his or her message? And how are they conveying that message?"
Read more: Art isFun

Video: Art Subject Video

Fine art
This form however, doesn't only in-clude visual paintings, but sculptures, drawing and poetry as examples.  It  includes a type of art form from around the 17th century on. And how to understand it...

A female nude, a bright landscape: some subjects are consistently pleasing. But beauty is in the eye of the beholder, especially when it comes to art made in the past half century. “One of the great things about contemporary art is its capacity to challenge,” notes Michael Macaulay, head of Contemporary Art evening sales in New York. “And the great contemporary art collectors embrace that challenge.” In Episode 8, see why it’s not always the easiest subjects that sell best. Specialists in this episode: Nicolas Chow, Frances Christie, Julian Dawes, Meredith Kirk, Courtney Kremers, Mee-Seen Loong, Michael Macaulay, Jonquil O’Reilly and Edoardo Roberti.

Video: The Value of Art | Episode 8: Subject Matter

"The Truth About Fine Art Agents
Every week at least one artist will ask me how and where they can find fine art agents. It is an important topic for most artists I know and rightly so. After all, having fine art agents who will sell your art work for you is like discovering manna from heaven.

The truth is; however, there are many misconceptions about fine art agents. In this article I strive to dispel some of the myths that many artists believe about fine art agents. I also offer advice to help you as an artist know where to find fine art agents, what their criteria may be, and the many options you have."
Read more at: Renèe Phillips - Artrepreneur Coach

Video: How to make a Seventh Art cocktail

"Cinema has been called the seventh art

It was first described as such by an Italian named Ricciotta Canudo. He described it as a synthesis of three rhythmic arts (music, dance, poetry) and three plastic arts (painting, sculpture, architecture).Film buffs will see this in just about every iteration of the movie as we know it today and as it once was. Even if there is great entertainment in explosions and erotica it is the heightened awareness of our world that seems to be the thing that most draws an audience to the big screen and back again for more. While the definition of the seventh art came out of Italy, its strongest and most expert practitioners are the French (Despicable Me and Despicable Me 2 were made by a French company in Paris)." The News

Pedro Costa is a Portuguese filmmaker, whose remarkable body of work includes Casa de lava (1994), Where Does Your Hidden Smile Lie? (2001), and a series of films that take place in the now razed Lisbon neighbourhood of Fontainhas: Ossos (1997), In Vanda's Room (2000) and Colossal Youth (2006). After a few drinks, it was our pleasure to welcome Pedro back to our studio space at CineCycle to discuss his latest film, Horse Money, which just had its North American premiere at the 2014 Toronto International Film Festival. We talked about the film, some of Pedro's intent (he "says too much"), its production, critics writing about his films, and his thoughts on Jean-Luc Godard.

Video: Pedro Costa Interview - The Seventh Art

21st century
"4 Essential Rules Of 21st Century Learning - Teach Thought

The term “21st century” has become an integral part of educational thinking and planning for the future. Educators and administrators are actively searching for ways to prepare students for the future, and the educational system has been evolving faster than ever before.

Various studies have shown us that rote memorization is not an effective learning strategy, and that teacher-centered classrooms may not be the most efficiently structured ones for student engagement.

However, despite learning about the skills that students will need to develop to become successful in the 21st century, as well as what beliefs about education may be worth hanging onto or throwing away, schools and teachers are left trying to figure out what their role needs to be in the education of their 21st century students." (Teach Thought, 2019)

Art Objects
These interlocking essays uncover art as an active force in the world – neither elitist or remote, present to those who want it, affecting even those who don’t. Winterson’s own passionate vision of art is presented here, provocatively and personally, in pieces on Modernism, autobiography, style, painting, the future of fiction, in two essays on Virginia Woolf, and more intimately in pieces where she describes her relationship to her work and the books that she loves. ( Jeanette Winterson, 2019).

Art exhibition(s)
"The art exhibition has played a crucial part in the market for new art since the 18th and 19th centuries. The Paris Salon, open to the public from 1737, rapidly became the key factor in determining the reputation, and so the price, of the French artists of the day. The Royal Academy in London, beginning in 1769, soon established a similar grip on the market, and in both countries artists put great efforts into making pictures that would be a success, often changing the direction of their style to meet popular or critical taste.

British Institution was added to the London scene in 1805, holding two annual exhibitions, one of new British art for sale, and one of loans from the collections of its aristocratic patrons. These exhibitions received lengthy and detailed reviews in the press, which were the main vehicle for the art criticism of the day. Critics as distinguished as Denis Diderot and John Ruskin held their readers attention by sharply divergent reviews of different works, praising some extravagantly and giving others the most savage put-downs they could think of.

Many of the works were already sold, but success at these exhibitions was a crucial way for an artist to attract more commissions. Among important early one-off loan exhibitions of older paintings were the 
Art Treasures Exhibition, Manchester 1857, and the Exhibition of National Portraits in London, at what is now the Victoria and Albert Museum, held in three stages in 1866-68." (Wikipedia, Art Exhibition, 2019). 

Contemporary art
Throughout history, art has been a form of visual expression, dating back to the eighteenth century. The term art can mean a diverse variety of media, ranging from painting, drawing, sculpture, decorative arts, photography, printmaking, and installation. Although those are the traditional forms of art, art can also be expressed in a variety of other media such as pottery, basketry, enamelwork, glassware, stained glass, interior design, furniture, rug and carpet, floral decoration, lacquerwork, mosaic, tapestry, and metalwork.

Visual arts range from aesthetic purposes to utilitarian purposes and therefore distinguish between the terms artist and artisan. An artisan is one who gives attention to the utilitarian purposes of art. In the mid-1800s, art schools began to open to separate these forms of art from more utilitarian media. This separation continued until the late 20th century.

Things began to change that challenged traditional definitions of art in 1917. Dada artist Marcel Dunchamp submitted a sculpture of a porcelain urinal to a public exhibition in New York City, implying that it was sufficient for an artist to decide something is art and submit it to a public venue, thus challenging art institutions to determine what was and was not considered art. Other experimental forms of art such as conceptual art and minimalism surfaced in the 20th century, and by the turn of the 21st century, more forms of art, such as video art, challenged the traditional definitions of art. Read more

Video: Modern vs Contemporary Art at the Armory | Art Guides

Video: Paul Cézanne, Bathers Motif, Renaissance Pyramid - Origins of Modern Art 3

"The world’s largest and most inclusive collection of modern painting and sculpture comprises some 3,600 works dating from the late nineteenth century to the present. It provides a comprehensive selection of the major artists and movements since the 1890s, from Paul Cézanne’s The Bather and Vincent van Gogh’s The Starry Night to masterworks of today." (Painting and Sculpture, MoMa, 2019).

Video: Art Curator: Difference Between Fine Art and Contemporary Art - Jen Mergel Career Girls Role Model

"A couple million years ago, humans discovered fire, and in 1879 Thomas Edison manufactured a light bulb. Today we take both fire and electricity for granted—but these discoveries were never obvious, and though they were made millions of years apart from one another, they aren't completely independent, either; to get from one to the next, humans made crucial innovations that not only advanced the linear progression of science and technology, but opened our imaginations to what could be possible in the future. Art is no different." (Art Space, 2019).

As we approach the area of fine art and the evolution, we may first have to look more closely at the issue; 'What is art history?' "Art history might seem like a relatively straightforward concept: "art" and "history" are subjects most of us first study in elementary school. In practice, however, the idea of" the history of art "raises complex questions. we mean by art, and what kind of history (or histories) should we explore? Let's consider each term further. (Khan Academy, 2019).

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