Art and Culture in Europe

Art and Culture in Europe

Art and culture in Europe have always been pronounced with periods in the development of art like Renaissance much more evident in Europe rather than all other parts of the world. It is also very evident that many artists who are renowned all over the world like Pablo Picasso and Michelangelo originated from Europe. It is evident that art was a celebrated career and way of life in Europe and especially in the Scandinavia.

European culture, cinema, television, music, literature, performing arts, heritage and related areas will benefit from increased support under the European Commission's new Creative Europe programme, which was approved by the European Parliament on 19 November and by the Council of the EU on 5 December 2013. With a budget of €1.46 billion over the next seven years -- 9% more than current levels -- the programme will provide a boost for the cultural and creative sectors, which are a major source of jobs and growth.

Video: Creative Europe - Europe culture and creative sectors

Arts in Europe started mainly as carvings and engravings made on huge standing boulders or carvings made from huge stones and left on the way. The art of the classical period was characterized by decorated artifacts and carvings and this had its origin in Ancient Greece. From ancient Greece, this art spread to all of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. During medieval times, art was greatly repressed, and it almost seemed dead, but it all came back to life during Renaissance. This form of art evident before the 19th century was greatly influenced by the Christian church.

It was mainly architectural, painting, sculpting and carving. Most ancient churches in Europe still hold these breathtaking scenes of great artistic expression. Secularism brought with it the arts that dealt with non-religious themes. Heroes and heroines and mythical creatures that were strange and unreal were put into being during this period. Art works about wars that happened in this period were also made. Art was always influenced by one factor or the other, the major factor being politics.

Culture is what makes us different, can it also be what connects us? For the European Year of Cultural Heritage, Google Arts and culture presents a unique online initiative highlighting the diversity and vibrancy of European cultural heritage.

Video: The sound of us | #EuropeForCulture

Therefore, most of the art from this period is a story of its own describing a mythical story, a biblical story or a great war that was fought. Arts in Europe can be arranged into several periods according to the style of arts and the themes. These are: The classical period This period started with Minoan art that was practiced in ancient Greece in the island of Crete. Most of what remains of this art today are statuettes and pottery that is greatly decorated. This period can be classified into pre-palatial, post palatial and neo-palatial periods. 

"Bring back culture, Ms. President! | New Campaign from CAE"
Culture Action Europe

During the post palatial periods, pottery was the most pronounced form of art with elegantly shaped thin-walled artifacts being produced. Naturalism was dissociated from this art in later years to form the art found in the neo-palatial period. During this period when palaces were important meeting places for people and not just the dwelling place for kings, outside walls and pillars were also artistically sculpted to give aesthetic value. Medieval period the medieval period saw the rise of church-oriented art.

Most of the artisans were bishops and abbeys or famous people who had standing in the church. There were clear themes and messages to be conveyed in the art. This also included crosses, altar equipment and paintings. Clear iconic images were conveyed as an attempt to bring across the religious messages intended. There was evident lack of realism in medieval art. Byzantine period This period is referred to as the period that overlaps early Christian arts. It lasted until the terrible iconoclasm period when all the arts with figures were destroyed.

Video: Find Your Connections: Europe For Culture

Therefore, most of the art from this period is not available as it was destroyed. It included the frescos and mosaics that were included in huge domed churches mainly in Rome. Most of these churches were destroyed by war, natural disasters and the conversion of the churches to mosques. However, much of it can be seen especially in the great domes of churches in Rome. Romanesque art This is by far the most beautiful period of art history in Europe. Stained glass and brightly colored designs characterized this period. 

This is when the European art style took shape and coherence and it is termed of great importance. It lasted between 1000 and 1200 AD. Most of the architecture included thick rounded walls and beautifully carved and stained-glass windows. The most prominent technique was that of high relief. Gothic art This form of art was born in France. Starting from the renovation of the Abbey Church of Saint Dennis, this form of art spread like wildfire to the rest of Europe.

European art

This was in the 12th century and it replaced the Romanesque art. During this period painting was reborn and it was done on frescos as well as on panels. It also saw the development of new forms of art such as print. Gothic style of art became international and it brought about the evolution into Renaissance. Renaissance During this period that originated in Italy, artists became more knowledgeable in expression of art with more realism being achieved and many images showing three-dimension in a more profound manner. 

Tone contrast became more and more apparent in paintings such as ones done by Da Vinci and Titian. Oil paints became more profound as opposed to other forms as they gave more chance to use color tones and intensity. During this period that was an extension of the humanism period, more secular paintings such as ones depicting mythology were evident. However, the church influence remained as is evident in Da Vinci's art. Renaissance can be divided into high renaissance and the early renaissance. Early renaissance was evident in sculptures done by artists like Donatello.

Join the specialists as they compare Joaquin Sorolla's 'Children on the Beach' and Ignacio Zulouga's 'Marcelle Souty' to be sold in the European Paintings sale on 22 November.

Video: European Paintings

He brought into being unsupported nude sculptures as is evident in his sculpted image of David, the first bronze nude sculpture in Rome. High renaissance on the other hand is propagated by artists like Da Vinci and Michelangelo. This is where depiction of anatomy started with paintings by artists of this age showing outstanding mastery of the human body and both technical and aesthetic style.

This period further emphasized the prestige of artwork and brought about the commercialization of artistic works. Other periods These included Mannerism, Rococo and Baroque art periods. Mannerism occurred in renaissance and included changing and distorting light to show emotions. An example of this is the painting El Greco. The Baroque period brought about the revival of church-oriented art. This is especially keener on the Roman Catholic Church related art. The Baroque faded out into Rococo, which used lighter shades of color and was keener on romance, nature and celebration as opposed to the religious and political themes explored in Baroque art.


Forward from Art and Culture in Europe to
Art and Culture in Europe - Part 2
Index or Site Map






Since 1987



- Vision -
Inspiration -
Intention
 Target - Goal - Strategy

2020?

I choose to focus my attention in whatever direction calls me to create my best day!

Sherri Bishop - Lecturer in Musical Studies



European
Arts & Culture
Your Dose of News

European Arts & Culture is more than
European Arts & Culture
- a daily sign and confirmation. 
Perhaps the yet to be discovered door to the
epic landscape of civilization

No more ritzy galas, dinner parties, or jet-set fairs: The art world is coming to terms with a 'shelter-in ...
Business Insider
The Sotheby's Institute of Art noted that, unlike many museums in Europe, which started from royal collections or are backed by their governments, ...

20 reasons why we cannot wait to return to Italy
Telegraph.co.uk
Poets and painters have celebrated the Italian Lakes for centuries, and no wonder, for they represent some of Europe's loveliest landscapes. Luxuriant ...

Art Dealer Gifts 16th-Century Painting to Rijksmuseum in Honor of COVID-19 Victims
ArtfixDaily (blog)
Dibbits had viewed the painting in March at TEFAF, The European Fine Art Fair, before it closed early due to the pandemic. The piece was shown by ...

The development of modern and contemporary art in Nepal
myRepublica
Artists still belonged to the painter caste group among the Newars - the Chitrakars; Dirghaman Chitrakar traveled to Europe with the Rana prime ...

We will be free again. With art, Memory and culture must be kept alive
Surfacing Magazine
New York became a kind of visual arts platform, attracting the greatest European artists and intellectuals fleeing fascism. Today it is no longer like this, ...

George Soros says Europe should tap up an obscure bond used during the Napoleonic Wars to ...
Pulse Nigeria
How it's different from the recovery fund France, Germany proposed Fine Art / Getty Images France and Germany, the eurozone's two biggest ...

Matt Damon describes 'fairy tale' lockdown life in Ireland
KATVLONDON (AP) —
Matt Damon has described living in Ireland during the ... lost one of its monuments,” and referred to him as “an icon of Algerian art.”.

Laid-Off UOVO Workers Accuse Art Storage Company of Anti-Union Retaliation
Artforum
Laid-Off UOVO Workers Accuse Art Storage Company of Anti-Union Retaliation ... York fine arts storage company of exploiting the coronavirus crisis to punish its ... Tefaf Maastricht, the European Fine Art Fair which takes place in the ...

Take a virtual tour of museums, locations around world
Colorado Springs Gazette
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center at Colorado Springs: Beginning in ... modern and contemporary art, photography and European and American art ...

Here are 7 virtual museum tours you can take from your couch
What's On
If you're itching for that culture fix, you can now visit some of the best ... sculpture, illuminated manuscripts, decorative arts, and European, Asian, and ...