The Psychology of Art
The psychology of art studies the characteristics, cognition and perception of art and its production. Theodor Lipps, a research psychologist, had a lot to do with the early development of art psychology in the early twentieth century. Lipps biggest contribution involved trying to theorize the question of empathy. Later in art psychology theories, “empathy” one a very important element.
Heinrich Wolffin is another name you may hear if you are studying art. He was not only a Swiss art critic, but also a historian. He tried to show that humans can understand architecture from a psychological point of view, instead of a historical point of view.
Many artistis, such as Paul Klee and Naum Gabo were influenced by Wolffin’s way of thinking.
Where did Art Psychology First Start?
Art psychology first started in Germany. Throughout the fifties, art psychology started to show up in museum programs. Today, times have changed – art psychology can be found all over the world from the United States to China and beyond.
Each Piece of Art is Unique in its Own Way
With art, one views and composes artwork as unique ways that reflect the individuals emotions, preferences, experience and knowledge. The experiences has a lot to do with the emotional attachment between the art object and the viewer. The artist will need to be in tune with the object they are creating. As the artwork progresses, so does the artist. Both change and grow and both develop a new meaning in life.
When an artist makes discoveries in the psychology of art, they can take those discoveries and apply them to another field of study. One can obtain information about the inspiration, motivation and work ethics. That knowledge can then be transformed into other areas of the individual’s life.
Psychology of Art and Criticism
The psychology of art can be criticized for many reasons. Art is not a science. The research can be scrutinized for relativity and accuracy. There is also a lot of criticism about art research as psychology because it’s subjective, not objective.
The audience interprets the work in multiple ways. The goals of an artist are very different from the goals of a scientist. The former means to give many interpretations of an object while the latter proposes one outcome to a problem.
Why Do We Have Art?
What is art actually for? There are many reasons why humans want to make art and why it should be considered a wellness practice. Art makes life special. This relates to our need to decorate, embellish and personalize.
Visual arts could mean a variety of things, such as creating a pleasing design on something that we use every day or wanting to create something that is personally appealing in someone’s life.
Do you realize that human survival is linked to the arts? This is a true statement, even though many people do not realize it. Groups that make things special have more unifying ceremonies and interactions. In early history, humans who labeled themselves “artists” were more capable of surviving that those who did not like art.
Art Engages the Senses
Did you know that art engages the human senses? Arts could have developed when the humans were allowed to feel good. It is very likely that humans used art to make things Special.” Humans enjoy patterns, colors, order, novelty, body movement and play. Most people take part in the world of art simply because it makes them feel better.
Since the beginning of time, art has been a part of us humans. They use arts in sacred rituals, such as Native American Totems and Tibetan sand paintings. They also used art in non-sacred rituals.
Art Enhances the Community
Humans also use art because it enhances the community. Art gives a community a personalized experience that people know and love.
Art Tells Stories
Art can tell stories or present ideas. It can be realistic or abstract. For some people, though, the most important thing in art is that it expresses or it stirs emotions. An artist can record through his or her artwork what they are feeling and at the same time, bring about emotional reactions in the viewer. This is what Expressionist Art is all about. There are expressionistic features in various styles and movements.
Artists make choices about texture, line, color, and composition so that they can evoke or express feelings. In the nineteen fifties a group of American artists that people called Abstract Expressionists believed that the best way to express pure emotion was to create completely abstract art in which the shapes, the textures, the lines, and the colors expressed their emotional state.
A work of art may never come to the attention of anyone other than the artist, yet, it mains art. A person’s psychological constitution determines that what they feel when examining art is what the artist intended. What is a work of art? Art in its generic sense means “skill.”
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